Arctic Blue Waters"Types of water"
Natural Mineral Water:
Natural Mineral Water originates from an underground water table or deposit, which is bottled at source and is wholesome and naturally free from pollution and harmful micro-organisms. Established by a stable formation (minerals, trace elements) which is preserved intact by the extraction and bottling methods. Natural mineral water in its natural state at source will not have any addition other than the introduction or possible reintroduction of carbon dioxide under certain conditions.
Spring water originates from an underground water table or deposit, which is bottled at source is similar to Natural mineral water but does not however need to denote a stable formation.
Bottled Drinking Water:
Drinking water which is bottled and is not spring water or natural mineral water (which is not treated), may come from a variety of sources, including municipal sources. Bottled drinking water can be treated without limitation as long as it does not make the water unsafe.
The Production of Natural Mineral and Spring Water:
Natural Mineral and Spring Water are not processed, they are simply extracted from an underground water table or deposit, which comes out from a spring (a spring is the entry to or location of discharge from the water table) tapped at one or more natural or drilled exits and then bottled.Natural Mineral Water and Spring Water must be bottled at source.
Natural Mineral Water and Spring Water are notable from ordinary drinking water (including bottled drinking water) by their nature, which is characterised by mineral content, trace elements or other components and by their original state, both characteristics having been preserved intact because of the underground origin of such water, which has been protected from risk of pollution.
Bottling of Natural Mineral and Spring Waters:
Water comes into the bottling plant straight from the spring through stainless steel pipes in a completely enclosed system and it is then bottled using exclusive bottling machines in specially made hygienic bottling rooms in order to continually protect the water from contamination. The process is continuous and the bottles are immediately sealed, labelled and collected for packing. The packs, cartons and crates are then put on pallets and loaded directly carriages, trailers or containers for shipment to customers.
No chemicals are added and the water is not interfered with other than to remove minor impurities, solid matter and uncertain elements if present. It is then delivered to the customer in effect as pure as it came from the source.
As part of the process and on top of the legal statutory analysis undertaken by the Environmental Health and Trading Standards Officers, many different daily controls take place in the bottling plants including:
Microbiological controls are undertaken daily, from various points from source to the finished product.
Physic-chemical checks confirm daily the stability of the components and check that no accidental pollution has taken place.Products are then ‘positively released’ on satisfactory completion of these tests.
Natural Mineral Water and Spring Water are subjected to rigid quality checks both as they flow from the spring and at each stage of the bottling process. At every stage of the bottling process, samples are taken from the piping, the equipment, the air in the bottling area, the empty bottles and the bottle caps in order to ensure that perfect conditions of hygiene are maintained. These stages are known as critical control points.
Factory layouts typically have the capacity for a continuous process flow so that deliveries and storage take place at one end of the plant and finished goods and the dispatch area are at the other.
Materials are usually divided into allocated areas for packaging materials, closures and bottles and wherever possible, different types of bottles such as glass and PVC. Filling and capping takes place in a controlled environment.
Treatments for Natural Mineral Water and Spring Water:
The following treatments to separate unstable elements if present are allowed providing that they do not alter the components of the water in regards to the essential constituents which give it its properties.
The filtration or decanting of the water is passed through a porous substance such as special paper or sand which allows the fluid to pass through but preserves suspended solid particles. Treatment with ozone which is a colourless gas, Ozone rich air is passed through the water to remove unstable elements such as manganese, sulphur or arsenic. Use of ozone must have prior approval of the appropriate authorities.
The following treatments for other bottled water methods is to influence the micro-biological contents of bottled drinking waters, removing any possible harmful bacteria which may have been picked up
UV treatment is when the water is treated with ultra-violet light which kills bacteria.
The following treatments aim to impact the chemical components of bottled drinking water ensuring that any intense levels of minerals are reduced.
Reverse osmosis is a high pressure used to force water through the pores of a synthetic membrane which are too small to allow most metal ions and aqueous salt ions to pass through.
Ion exchange is when the water is carried across the surface of a resin which catches a particular ion from the water and gives up another ion in return. This is especially useful in dealing with excessive minerals.
The treatments above should not be mistaken for disinfecting systems such as those used to cleanse mains water. We use mains water for several uses such as bathing, washing and drinking. It must be transported over long distances in large pipes before reaching the final consumer. Chlorine is added to general water supplies for safety reasons as part of the cleansing systems. It acts as a residual disinfectant although it can havet a taste which some people dislike.
As bottled waters are delivered hygienically direct into sealed bottles, there is no requirement for a residual disinfectant.
If you would like more information about Arctic Blue Waters or a quote for Bulk Water shipments please contact us on 01277 232223 or email email@example.com